Karl Josef Franz Feiler started working in the Eisenbahnministerium (Ministry of Railways) in 1907.

The Österreichische Mediathek was founded in 1959/60 as Österreichische Phonothek with a view to building up an archive of audio documents, focusing on Austria. It was part of the Federal Ministry of Education.

In 1365, Duke Rudolf IV already mentioned a library as publica libraria or gemaine půichkamer oder libreye in the founding document of the University of Vienna.